With winter weather sweeping across the country,
many individuals are experiencing winter-onset depression also known as
seasonal affective disorder (SAD). While the cause of SAD is not known, brain
chemicals that affect your mood can change according to the amount of light you
get each day.1 While some may be more susceptible to SAD than
others, there are ways of preventing and managing SAD until you get through the
Seasonal Affective Disorder?
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of
depression that happens during a change of seasons, usually occurring during
autumn and winter months when there is less sunlight. Symptoms usually go away
in late spring or early summer.1
How is SAD
There are four primary treatment methods for SAD:
Light therapy, medications, psychotherapy, and mind-body connection techniques.2
Light Therapy: A method that mimics natural outdoor light using a special light box with the goal of changing the brain chemicals linked to mood. It typically takes a few days to a few weeks before becoming effective. Your doctor will be able to help determine if this is the best option for you and identify which product would be the most effective.
Medications: Individuals with depression are more susceptible to SAD, making antidepressant treatment a good option.
Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, is another option to treat SAD. Therapy can help you learn coping mechanisms to manage your stress and changing your negative thoughts and behaviors.
Mind-Body Connection: This includes a variety of techniques such as meditation, guided imagery and music or art therapy.
Tria Health Help?
If Tria Health is offered through your benefits plan, you have the option of receiving a one-on-one, private consultation with one of Tria Health’s pharmacists over the phone. During your consultation, your pharmacist will review all your current medications, including vitamins and supplements. If you’re interested in exploring medication treatments for SAD, Tria’s pharmacist will be able to provide you with recommendations and coordinate with your doctor(s).
According to a RAND corporation study, people who are depressed are less likely to adhere to medications for their chronic health problems than people who are not depressed. Researchers found that patients with depression had 76% greater odds of being non-adherent with their medications compared to those without depression.1 This is a concern since not only do people with chronic illnesses routinely face higher death rates when they have poor medication adherence, the rate of depression itself has been increasing significantly over the years. In the U.S., depression increased from 6.6 percent to 7.3 percent from 2005 to 2015.2
What can Doctors and Providers do?
Dr. Walid F. Gellad, the study’s senior author and a natural scientist a RAND, recommended that “doctors and other providers should periodically ask patients with depression about medication adherence. Also, when treating a patient who is not taking their medication correctly, they should consider the possibility that depression is contributing to the problem.”
How can you help a Friend or Family Member with Depression?
It’s important to learn the symptoms of depression and that they can vary from person to person. You can find a list of symptoms and support recommendations provided by the mayo clinic here. Once you recognize it, the next steps are to:
Talk to the person
Explain that depression is a medical condition
Suggest seeking help from a professional
Offer to help prepare a list of questions to discuss in an initial appointment
Express your willingness to help
If you or someone you know is struggling, call the Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) at any time for help.
Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. “Depression is on the rise in the US, especially among young teens.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 30 October 2017. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171030134631.htm>.